COCCEJUS (KOCH), Johannes

(1603–1669)
   Theologian and orientalist. Born in the city of Bremen, Germany, Coccejus was one of the many German immigrants in the Dutch Republic. He studied Hebrew and theology in Hamburg, Franeker, and other cities. At the Academy of Franeker, he was appointed professor of oriental lan guages in 1636 and of theology in 1642. After 1650, he was profes sor of theology at the University of Leiden. Because of his more le nient interpretation of Calvinist doctrine, a controversy arose with his colleague from the University of Utrecht, Gijsbert Voet, a con troversy with political overtones, because the Dutch regents gener ally supported Coccejus. CODIFICATION OFLAW. During the period of the Dutch Republic and the Batavian Republic (1581–1806), laws were enacted by the central government (the States General) or by provincial or local authorities. Many statutes were promulgated in the form of placards and publishedby private jurists or were printed in charter books. The centralizing policy of the Habsburglords, who proclaimed as late as 1570 the large-scale and influential Criminal Ordinances, was then discontinued. Only after the declaration of the constitution of the unitary Batavian Republic (1798) was a commission, under the chair manship of Prof. Henrik Constantijn Cras (1739–1820), established to be in charge of the compiling of national codes of law. After a long period of preparation, some codes were finally introduced under the Kingdom of Holland (partially modeled after the new French codes): a code of private law and a penal code (1809). The code on judicial organization was still not sanctioned. After the annexation of the Kingdom of Holland by the French Empire, Napoleon replaced the codes of 1809 with the five French codes, which were still in ef fect after the restoration of an independent Kingdom of the Nether lands in 1813. King William I ordered a new committee to draft na tional codes, under the chairmanship of Prof. Joan Melchior Kemper (1776–1824). This order caused a deep controversy with the Belgian members of the committee, who favored the maintenance of the French legislation. After the secession of Belgiumin 1830, some new Dutch national codes were promulgated in 1838, but a penal code was brought into effect only in 1886. In 1945, Eduard Maurits Mei jers was charged with a recodification of Dutch civil law. The new code has been in effect in parts since 1970–1992. In 2003, the law of inheritance part was renewed.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Johannes Koch — Johannes Cocceius Johannes Cocceius Johannes Cocceius, aussi Johannes Coccejus ou Johannes Koch ou Johannes Cock (1603, Brème 4 novembre 1669), théologien hollandais Il professa l hébreu et la théologie à Brème, à Franeker et à Leyde, et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johannes Cocceius — Johannes Cocceius, aussi Johannes Coccejus ou Johannes Koch ou Johannes Cock (1603, Brème 4 novembre 1669), théologien hollandais Il professa l hébreu et la théologie à Brème, à Franeker et à Leyde, et se livra à une interprétation de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johannes Coch — Porträt von Johannes Coccejus aus 1715 Johannes Coccejus eigentlich Johannes Coch oder Johannes Koch (* 9. August 1603 in Bremen; † 5. November 1669 in Leiden) war ein protestantischer Theologe und einer der Hauptvertreter der Föderaltheologie.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Coccejus — Porträt von Johannes Coccejus aus 1715 Johannes Coccejus eigentlich Johannes Coch oder Johannes Koch (* 9. August 1603 in Bremen; † 5. November 1669 in Leiden) war ein protestantischer Theologe und einer der Hauptvertreter der Föderaltheologie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Coccējus — (eigentlich Koch oder Koken), Johannes, holländ. Theolog, geb. 9. Aug. 1603 in Bremen, wurde 1630 Professor daselbst, 1636 in Franeker und 1650 zu Leiden, woselbst er bis zu seinem Tode (5. Nov. 1669) wirkte und Gründer einer eigentümlichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Gerhard Coccejus — Porträt von Gerhard Coccejus, 1639 Gerhard Coccejus eigentlich Gerhard Coch oder Gerhard Koch (* 1. Juli 1601 in Bremen; † 27. Juli 1660 ebendort) war Professor der Rechte, Ratsherr in Bremen und Gesandter der Stadt bei den Verhandlungen zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Christian Hebraist — A Christian Hebraist is a scholar of Hebrew who comes from a Christian family background/belief, or is a Jewish adherent of Christianity. The main area of study is that commonly known as the Old Testament to Christians (and Tanakh to Jews), but… …   Wikipedia

  • Gerhard Coch — Porträt von Gerhard Coccejus, 1639 Gerhard Coccejus eigentlich Gerhard Coch oder Gerhard Koch (* 1. Juli 1601 in Bremen; † 27. Juli 1660 ebendort) war Professor der Rechte, Ratsherr in Bremen und Gesandter der Stadt bei den Verhandlungen zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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